This area has been designed to support you and your child at home. If you have ideas that you wish to add to this section please see Mini or email them to the email address below.
Only start potty training if they are ready – good signs are them telling you they are wet, or asking you to change them.
Have a potty in the bathroom before you wish to start potty training so it is familiar.
Let them see you on the toilet this helps them to realise it is safe to use.
Make sitting on the toilet or potty fun – sing songs or read ‘potty’ books
Accept that there will be accidents
Give lots of praise when they use the toilet or potty successfully – sticker charts are often good for this.
If after a few days it is not being successful try again in 6 weeks time.
Dress your child in easy to use clothes.
The amount of sleep a child needs varies depending on the individual and certain factors, including the age of the child.
Here are some Guidelines:
1- 4 Months old: 14 - 15 Hours per day
4 - 12 Months old: 14 - 15 Hours per day
1 - 3 Years old: 12 - 14 Hours per day
Ideal room Temperature is 18oc
The recommended sleep will help healthy brain development.
Sleep is healing and will increase your healthy immune system.
Sleep helps fight infection and repair cell.
Sleep helps you grow!! Growth hormones are released during sleep!!
Tired children = Grumpy Children.
Gentle tummy massage.
Anti-colic teats and dummies.
White noise ( Washing machines and alike).
Many babies show different signs when teething, your baby may show signs such as-
Fingers/object in the mouth (More then normal).
Here are a few tips to help relieve your babies pain-
Frozen flannel ( this will help as it will be cold and the texture of the flannel will feel good on their gums).
Teething rings/frozen pineapple rings.
Dummy and comforters.
Some types of food i.e. pasta, fruit and vegetable sticks etc.
Your baby will give you signs when they are ready to be weaned such as waking in the night or being more hungry between bottles/ breast-feeding.
Start with baby rice that offers bland taste similar to the milk they are used to.
Use breast or formula to mix the baby rice.
Introduce a variety of vegetables and fruit
Only small amounts a few spoonfuls will satisfy a baby.
Start with one meal a day and increase over a few weeks to 3 meals.
After a few weeks introduce red meat, chicken or pulses to provide essential iron.
From around seven months begin to introduce finger foods and lumps.
Honey should be avoided until 12 months.
Do not add sugar and salt to babies foods.
If they do not like a taste reintroduce a few weeks later.
Mirror the behaviour you wish to see from your child
Give your child warning that you are going to do something
Allow them time to finish activities or come back to them later
Praise good behaviour
Where possible ignore bad behaviour
Give choices – where possible such as would you like milk or water to drink.
Be consistent with your responses.
Give one warning and follow through.
Play and Fun
Make time for you and child to play games and have fun every day.
Ensure activities are age appropriate.
Encourage children to take part in everyday chores such as laying the table, these activities help children to feel included and can be educational.
Ensure you have consistent rules when playing.
Remember children learn by being interactive and hands on with the activities you offer.
Be inventive with equipment children enjoy household items as much as bought toys.
Make I’m Sorry part of your vocabulary. It is important for parents to say ‘I’m sorry’ to our partners and our children when we get things wrong, this helps us teach them the importance of apologising.
Accentuate the positive. So often we focus on the things we need to apologise for and we forget to pay attention to the things we’re doing right.
Don’t be too hard on your children or yourselves. When overused saying ‘I’m Sorry’ can lose its authenticity. Teach your children the importance of saying sorry by helping them use it with meaning.
Let go of a grudge. Sometimes a situation can get to a point where neither person will say sorry as the disagreement has gone on too long.
Accept the apology.
Don’t force sorry, when children are forced they learn that it is more important to say sorry than tell the truth. They learn that saying a few insincere words easily dismisses people and problems and that they do not have to take responsibility for their actions. This means that they begin to say sorry even if they don’t mean it.
Learn to make sorry an action. For example if a child has thrown their food make them clean it up, or if very small just get them to do one piece.
Help siblings to say sorry to each other, Not taking sides, placing blame or asking who did it, instead ask, is there anything you want to say to each other?
Don’t let saying sorry lead to feeding negative behaviour. Sometimes children will do the wrong thing to gain attention, Don’t kill yourself extracting a sorry, but go back to the ‘ignore the bad, praise the good, or use distraction techniques. When young children show they are sorry for hurting a friend or sibling reward them with praise.